The Blitz

The Blitz was the sustained and intensive bombing of the United Kingdom by Nazi Germany during 1940–1941. London, along with other industrial and population centres took the large brunt of the attacks. Although the word Blitz is a shortening of the German word blitzkrieg, meaning "lightning war", it was not an example of blitzkrieg but was an early example of strategic bombing.

The bombing in London initially focussed on the docks in the East End, and led to a large number of surrounding residential areas being damaged. Later on the emphasis shifted to widespread bombing of residential areas in general and other parts of London were also affected. Bomb sites were familiar open patches of ground until recently and bombs are still occasionally being dug up. Shrapnel marks can be seen on various buildings, including the VIctoria and Albert Museum.

Last edited 2006-01-16 14:00:49 (version 4; diff). List all versions.